Hemophilia is a blod disorder where even minor cuts and bruises can be an emergency case. That's because a person with hemophilia can bleed uncontrollably without proper medication. This is because substances that normally stop bleeding , called "clothing factors"are either absent or do not function properly in the blood.
Type of HEMOPHILIA
Sever hemophilia : bleeding can happen after injury but could also occur spontaneously. A person with sever hemophilia bleed more often and needs more medical attention.
Moderate Hemophilia : Bleeding happen less often and only occurs following an accident.
Mild Hemophilia : Bleeding happens when a person has a toot extracted, undergoes surgery or has accident.
Most bleeding due to hemophilia happens in muscle and joints. The types of bleeding that may put a patient's life in danger include :
1. Bleeding in the Head.
2. Throat bleeding
3. Bleeding gut
4. Bleeding in lliopsoas area ( muscles in front of the groin area).
When such bleeding occurs the patient must get medical attention immediately.
When bleeding is suspected in a person with hemophilia, take these first aid measures.
- Rest the injured part of the body
- Cover the bleeding area with cloth and then apply something cold on it. Use ice or some other soft, frozen material.
- Use a splint and/or bondage to immobilize a bleeding joint. Do not wrap the joint very tightly
- Raise the bleeding joint or muscle higher than chest lever and rest it on somethin soft.
To identify the person with this kind of disorder. a person with Hemophilia should wear a medical identification such as Medic-Alert bracelet or necklace. An alternative would be to have a card with information written down by a health worker. This information should include what type of hemophilia a patient has, and the treatment he or she needs. a patient should always carry the information.